The Indian Chapati, which is known as roti too, is a delicious fluffy whole wheat flat bread. Learn how to make the classic flat bread from scratch with your own chapati recipe further below:
The day when I entered India, I learned my first typical Indian food lesson when the chapatti flat bread was introduced to me. It is the most simplest bread in the world but the humble bread can be used in so many ways with your food.
You can use it to spoon up a curry or dal or you can simply transform it into a stuffed roll. Some of us tend to have ghee (clarified butter) rotis even for breakfast in Goa. My mother in law for example makes a bunch of wholewheat flat breads every morning and I cover the roti with a layer of thick honey before devouring the tender, still warm cooked flat dough.
Every family household in India prepares a batch of fresh rotis every single day. Normally the task of making the roti is given to the women of the house, and the ladies cook the flat breads in the early morning hours, when it is still dark outside. Depending on the household, the wholewheat dough is prepared at times the previous evening.
How to make Chapati?
Our Goan flat bread dough is prepared with 4 main ingredients. Whole wheat flour is the main ingredient, which is better known as Atta in India, a sprinkle of salt to give the dough flavor, some oil and of course water to form an elastic and form-able dough.
The right amount of water is important at the same time using quality atta is another plus point, however so that the flat bread becomes fluffy you will need to let it rest first and later on you need to work out the dough a bit.
The flat bread with ghee (clarified butter) is the actual treat which you should make and enjoy. The flat bread with ghee, if made correctly, gets gorgeous layers in the inside. The layers are created by rolling out the dough batch by batch, spreading ghee on it, folding it in, rolling it out again and repeating the process. It will remind you of a Croissant! See the roti recipe below on how to make it, it’s actually easy.
To make the flat bread you will need 2 main kitchen tools. First of all you will need a rolling pin and another important tool is a tawa pan, which is basically just a flat pan.
The rolled out dough is cooked dry or with ghee on a tawa pan, however I have seen people cooking flat breads too on a naked gas flame. The easiest and most hygienic way of cooking chapati is of course with a tawa and if you are planning to make flat breads more often in your house, I would suggest to buy one of those cool flat pans. After all you can use the tawa pan too for making dosa and french crepes.
I want you to make those amazing Goan roti at home and therefore I have added easy to follow step by step photos to the recipe. Its fun to make your own flat bread from scratch, nothing can stop you now!
Chapati recipe below:
- ½ kilogram whole wheat flour (atta)
- pinch salt
- 2 Tablespoon Oil
- 1 Cup Water
- Ghee (clarified Butter)
- Start by mixing the Flour and the salt well, make a well and add the oil and water. Mix and work out the dough on a board. It should never be soft but rather harder! Let it rest for 10 min covered with some flour.
- Take some dough into your hand and form it into a ball.
- Roll that ball out with little flour so that it doesn't stick and spread some ghee on the surface of the dough.
- Fold the dough circle as shown into a "Parcel".
- Roll the dough "Parcel" out again. The form will be square.
- Dust it a bit so that the flour won't burn while cooking and add the raw rolled out dough to the preheated flat pan. Cook 1 side first for 10 seconds, then the other side.
- Turn a 2nd round and this time spread little ghee onto the surface. Turn it again and spread on that side some ghee too. The chapati will blow up a bit but not that much as it does when cooked without ghee.
- Some parts will get a bit dark and a cow freckles pattern will appear. That's normal, that's how it is prepared everywhere.
- Best enjoyed still warm.
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